13
Nov

HIGH HYBRID REINFORCED SOIL SLOPE AS RUNWAY SUPPORT – A CASE STUDY

Written by Gouw Tjie Liong, Ir., M.Eng, ChFC, PhD. Posted in Geotechnic, Technical Paper & Presentation (Others)

Abstract: The use of hybrid Reinforced Soil Slopes combining anchored gabion units and high strength geogrids for infrastructures development is growing in Indonesia. Hybrid RSS are considered a valid and competitive alternative to other traditional earth retaining structures. Despite this growth, civil engineers and construction companies are not yet familiar with the related design and construction aspects. This paper intends to share the Author’s experience regarding the design and the construction of the first stage of a 25 m high hybrid RSS for the new touristic airport at Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. It is worth to note that the RSS was built on soft and weathered clay shales and cohesive backfilling materials were used as part of the reinforced soil mass. This paper aims to present the main technical issues related to the project, the design process, which was carried out using both FEM and Limit Equilibrium method software, and the relevant construction aspects.

Download for full paper: 161107-11-gtl-6th-arc-on-geosynthetics

 

04
Oct

AN INVESTIGATION ON THE SUITABILE CONSTITUTIVE LAW FOR MODELLING JAKARTA RED CLAY

Written by Gouw Tjie Liong, Ir., M.Eng, ChFC, PhD. Posted in Geotechnic, Technical Paper & Presentation (Others)

Abstract:Having the origin from the sedimentation of volcanic materials, many experienced Indonesian geotechnical engineers have long suspected that Jakarta reddish and grayish clay may have different characteristics compared to other clayey soils known in many geotechnical text books. Despite of carefully derived design parameters, experiences in the execution of deep excavation, be it open cut slope or protected excavation by either contiguous bored pile or diaphragm walls, often show that the performance of the geotechnical structures were better than predicted by the available design geotechnical software. Although, some engineers have started using more advanced constitutive soil models, such as: Hyperbolic and Cam Clay models. Undoubtedly, many engineers still use the bilinear Mohr-Coulomb model in their analysis. So far, to the author knowledge, there is no published paper discussing about the suitability of the soil models for modelling Jakarta red clay, in particular. Therefore, the author tried to find out which soil constitutive models can better predict the behavior of the Jakarta reddish/grayish clay. Available models in PLAXIS software, e.g.; Mohr-Coulomb, Hardening (hyperbolic), and Soft Soil models, were tried by simulating isotropically consolidated undrained triaxial test and compared it with the actual test data. At this stage it was found that none of the model can correctly predict the stress strain curve neither the correct stress path.

Keywords: Volcanic Origin Clay, Jakarta Clay, Mohr Coulomb Model, Hardening Soil Model, Soft Soil Model, Plaxis

Download full paper: GTL-141021-FindingSuitableModel

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