12
Apr

How Do Problems Arises in Geotechnical Works?

Written by Gouw Tjie Liong. Posted in Geotechnic, News and Opinion

The problems faced by engineers in dealing with soils lie not only on the fact soils are particulate material which have much more complex behavior compared to concrete and steel, but it is also lie to the attitude of those engineers who have no enough “respect” toward the soils they faced.

Soils need to be understood and to be well treated, just like we try hard to understand and to treat a lady. There are four aspects of geotechnic that we need to learn and to understand, those are:

– The soil profiles (type and distribution)

– The ground water table, i.e. , its position, indication of ground water flow, existence of perched water table and artesian water pressure.

– Characteristics and behavior of the existing subsoils

– The right soil model to be taken for designing the planned geotechnical structure.

For all the above, time and money need to be invested. Ask the rich and successful peoples, whether they “invested” time and money to chase for the ladies that eventually became their wives?
Like those ladies, in order to understand the soil behavior, time and money also need to be given (invested) to the soils,

If the engineers understand the above four aspects well, then “comfort” will be belong to the engineers, and ultimately will also belong to the owner and the end users of the said structures / buildings.

On the other hand, if we treat the soils badly, and only give the soils unreasonable amount of time and money, just like cruel parents treat their step children badly. Then: “just wait for the retaliation” of the step children.

You don’t believe me? Look back to the failure of Sano Tower at Pluit area, North Jakarta, in 1991; or to the current “failure” of “S tower” near Cawang, South Jakarta; or to the badly settled “GB tower” at Pluit, North Jakarta. Look back to the Nicoll highway deep excavation (for MRT station) failure in Singapore in 2004; and many other geotechnical failures.

One of the causes of the those failures is the attitude of IGNORANCE or DO NOT CARE or “ASSUMED” TO KNOW BETTER than any other engineers. The over insistence of saving money, all the owner know is only SAVE, SAVE and SAVE. They do not want to spend time and money for soil investigation, and the engineers involved failed to convince the owner to spend the money!! The owner even want to save more, by using bidding process, to suppress the consultant!!! They forgot the words: “You buy peanuts, you get monkeys!”. They feel they are so clever and so able to get cheap price!!! They only want to higher engineers with low fees!!! They forgot CHEAP is not the same as ECONOMICAL. Indirectly, they treat the soils, where their structures shall be built, as step children!!

Then, one day, the step children will retaliate, and when they do so, the retaliation can be so destructive and fatal!!

So, go and tell the owner of the money: 
TREAT THE SOIL AS A LADY, THEN THE COMFORT IS YOURS.
TREAT THE SOIL AS A STEPCHILDREN, THE REVENGE IS WAITING FOR YOU!!

Written by Gouw Tjie Liong(English version: April 12, 2015)

 

27
Apr

Seminar at HKUST – May 2, 2014

Written by Gouw Tjie Liong. Posted in Geotechnic, News and Opinion

HKUST-2May2014

03
Oct

Mengapa timbul permasalahan dalam bangunan geoteknik?

Written by Gouw Tjie Liong. Posted in Geotechnic, News and Opinion

Permasalahan yang dihadapi oleh para engineer adalah bukan hanya terletak pada kenyataan bahwa tanah itu merupakan material particulate yang lebih kompleks daripada beton dan baja, tetapi terutama sekali terletak pada kurang “menghormati” sang tanah. 

Tanah perlu dimengerti dan diperlakukan dengan baik, sebagaimana kita berusaha mengerti dan memperlakukan seorang ibu (wanita). Dalam hal geoteknik, ada empat aspek yang sangat perlu dicari tahu dan dimengerti:

– Profil tanah (jenis dan distribusinya)

– Letak muka air tanah (ada tidak adanya aliran air tanah, perched water table, ataupun artesian water table.)

– Prilaku dari jenis tanah yang dihadapi

– Pemodelan tanah yang tepat untuk mendesain bangunan geoteknik yang direncanakan.
Untuk itu semuanya tentu perlu uang, perlu investasi waktu. Coba tanya kepada para pemilik modal, bila mereka sangat “pelit”, apakah waktu mereka mengejar istri istri mereka mereka tidak perlu uang dan tidak perlu waktu (ha ha ha…)? Tanah juga perlu diberi modal, dan dimengerti prilakunya.
Bila kita mengerti empat hal tsb, maka “kenikmatan” menjadi milik sang engineer dan tentunya the ultimate owner and users of the construction.
Bila sebaliknya memperlakukan sang tanah asal-asalnya, sebagaimana memperlakukan anak tiri, maka tunggulah “pembalasan” sang anak tiri. Tidak percaya? Lihat kegagalan menara Sano di Pluit tahun 1991, lihat sekarang meara Saedah (?) yang telah selesai dibangun namun tak layak huni, lihat keruntuhan Nicoll highway di Singapore. Dan banyak lagi, yang karena tidak mau mengerti atau “tidak perduli” dan “tidak mau tahu” dan tahunya hanya “hemat hemat dan hemat” dalam penyelidikan tanah dan “hemat” dalam membayar engineer, akibatnya terjadi pembalasan sang anak tiri yang sangat dahsyat dan sangat merugikan.
Nah…. tell the owner of the money…
TREAT THE SOIL AS A LADY, THEN THE COMFORT IS YOURS.
TREAT THE SOIL AS A STEPCHILDREN, THE REVENGE IS WAITING FOR YOU!!
Perlakukan tanah seperti seorang wanita, maka kenikmatan milikmu.
Perlakukan tanah seperti anak tiri, maka pembalasan menantimu.

Geotechnical Course

  • Soil Mechanis
  • Soil Investigation
  • Foundation Engineering
  • PIT, PDA, Sonic Logging
  • Slope Stabilization
  • Geotechnical Instrumentation
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  • Liquefaction Analysis
  • Application of Geotechnical Software
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