Specialist in Design, Supervision/Execution of:

Dewatering,Pumping Test,PDA-PIT-Sonic Logging-Vibration Monitoring,
Pile/Plate Load Test,Soil Instrumentation,Soil Nailing,MicroPile,Grouting
Deep Foundation,Deep Excavation,Slope Stability,Ground Improvements
Geosynthetics & Other Geotechnical Works
Agent of Geotechnical Softwares:
PLAXIS, GEO5, Deltares, DC Software, RocScience, GeoSmart, NovoTech, etc.

GOUW Tjie-Liong Ir., M.Eng., ChFC

  • Senior Geotechnical Consultant
  • Chartered Financial Consultant, ChFC
  • Senior Geotechnical Engineering Lecturer/Trainer
  • Provider of Geotechnical Short Course / Training
GTL Brief Profile

Effect of Pile Cap Thickness and Magnitudes of Lateral Movement on Laterally Loaded Group Piles

Written by Gouw Tjie Liong. Posted in GTL Paper, Publication

ABSTRACT: The capacity of laterally loaded group piles are conventionally analyzed by simply reducing the lateral subgrade reaction of the soil, kh. The lateral subgrade reaction is reduced to 0.35 kh, when the piles center to center distance is at 3 pile diameter and linearly increases up to 1.0 kh when the piles center to center distance is equal or higher than 8 pile diameter. It seems there is no consideration to the thickness of the pile cap and magnitude of lateral movement of the piles on this conventional approach. By using 3D finite element geotechnical software, the effect of these two factors can now be investigated. This paper presents the study on the impact of those two factors on lateral capacity of group piles. The study reveals that when base friction of the pile cap and the passive pressure acting against the pile cap is neglected, the effects of the pile cap thickness against group lateral efficiency is marginal and can be safely neglected. The center to center pile spacing and the lateral movement of the piles do play important roles in the capacity of the laterally loaded piles. The greater the pile spacing the greater the lateral group efficiency, so does the lateral movement.

download full paper: http://www.ejge.com/2015/Ppr2015.1320ma.pdf


Seberapa Besar Pengaruh Efek Gangguan dan Hambatan Alir pada Prefabricated Vertikal Drain ?

Written by Gouw Tjie Liong. Posted in GTL Paper, Publication

ABSTRACT: Sejauh ini teknik perbaikan tanah yang terbanyak diaplikasikan di Indonesia adalah aplikasi vertikal drain untuk meningkatkan kuat geser undrained dan untuk mempercepat penurunan konsolidasi pada tanah lempung lunak. Terdapat banyak makalah-makalah akademis yang mengatakan bahwa efektifitas vertikal drain perlu diperhitungkan terhadap efek gangguan saat pemasangan (smear effect) dan efek hambatan alir (drain resistance). Makalah ini menganalisa dan membahas seberapa besar efek dua faktor tersebut dalam kasus nyata di dua proyek perbaikan tanah di Balikpapan dan Bontang, Kalimantan, Indonesia. Dari analisa data-data penurunan dan monitoring piezometer terlihat bahwa efek gangguan dan efek tahanan alir tersebut dapat dikatakan tidak berarti. Dengan kata lain dalam proyek dengan vertikal drain yang dipasang sedalam 12 dan 27m ini kedua efek tersebut dapat diabaikan.

Download full paper: GOUW-2015-1125-EfekGangguan-HambatanAlir-PVD



Written by Gouw Tjie Liong. Posted in GTL Paper, Publication

Abstract: The application of geosynthetics for reinforced earth, also known as mechanically stabilized earth, is gaining popularity in Indonesia. At the same time, many engineers have started using geotechnical finite element software in designing the geosynthetics reinforced earth. Unfortunately, many of them still do not know the importance of elongation factor in determination of the geosynthetics stiffness to be input into the finite element calculation. Some engineers even said that elongation of the geosynthetics need not be considered in selecting the right geosynthetics material, only the breaking strength and the type of geosynthetics need to be considered. Such misconception can lead to bad performance or even failure of the geosynthetics reinforced earth. This paper elaborates the importance of the elongation factor and the correct procedure in determining the stiffness of geosynthetics materials for finite element software input.

Keywords: Elongation, stiffness, geosynthetics, finite element analysis

Download full paper: Gouw-2015-0927-ElongationFactorinGeosynthetics-Proc-SLOPE 2015

Geotechnical Course

  • Soil Mechanis
  • Soil Investigation
  • Foundation Engineering
  • PIT, PDA, Sonic Logging
  • Slope Stabilization
  • Geotechnical Instrumentation
  • Deep Excavation
  • Ground Improvement
  • Geotechnical Instrumentation
  • Earthquake
  • Liquefaction Analysis
  • Application of Geotechnical Software
  • Other Geotechnical Course

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  • The Problem of Engineer
  • How I Present Myself
  • Light Up
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  • Pressure lead to Success
  • The Up and Down of My Life
  • Theory of Emptiness
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